Liverpool Parks
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Drawing of the former quarry and windmill 1773

Drawing of the former quarry and windmill 1773

A view across St James's Cemetery 1834

A view across St James’s Cemetery 1834

Historical background
Following the quarrying of the local sandstone ridge, an area of spoil on the summit was landscaped in 1767 to create ‘St James’s Mount Walk’, probably the earliest public park in Liverpool. By 1825 the adjacent quarry was exhausted and a rough 4ha (10a) excavation remained. In 1829 this opened as a private cemetery, featuring a classical mortuary chapel by John Foster and soon a great many notable memorials and monuments to some notable citizens of Liverpool. An early introduction was a small temple in honour of William Huskisson MP, the first rail fatality, and others included the health reforming Kitty Wilkinson, founder of public washhouses, Sarah Biffin, a remarkable artist and many others celebrated in the city’s history.

By 1936 the cemetery was full with more than 50,000 souls commemorated and the site was later remodelled and landscaped to enable increased public access.

The park today
A site full of character which includes remnants of both the original 18th Century walk and 19th Century cemetery, the latter featuring a chalybeate spring and historic memorials, alongside the magnificent Anglican Cathedral.